Blueprint for a Revolution:
The Spies at Carpenters' Hall
Note: This is the entire book, written by Charles and Nancy Cook, in seven chapters.
The only thing new in the world is the history you don't know.
–Harry S Truman
Whenever America has needed heroes, someone has always been there.
Francis Daymon is not your average history book hero. He was an everyday American who did what he could, never realizing his actions and talents would mean the difference between victory or defeat for the American Revolution.
Blueprint for a Revolution is based on a true story that has recently been rediscovered because of a hand written account by Achard de Bonvouloir. His papers were found in Paris after almost two centuries, describing this most important, but secret, event in American history. The story tells how Francis Daymon helped both Benjamin Franklin and the French spy, Bonvouloir, secretly meet to discuss the colonies' upcoming revolution against England.
This book was written for children and adults alike to celebrate another example of America's greatest strength-its people.
We could not have won the revolution without France, and this is how France first got into it!
–Charles E. Peterson, FAIA
Historian Emeritus, The Carpenters' Company
This book is dedicated to the members of The Carpenters' Company and to all who leave Carpenters' Hall with a renewed understanding that each individual contributes to the whole, and that the efforts of every one of us makes a difference
Hide not your talents, they for use were made: What's a sun-dial in the shade?
–Poor Richard's Almanack, by Benjamin Franklin
The window from which Francis Daymon looked out and saw Benjamin Franklin approaching the Hall.
Francis Daymon was a librarian. He liked books. He liked people. He had read many great stories about many great people, but he never imagined that one day Francis Daymon would play an essential part in one of the most important events in world history.
He could not imagine his own importance, because he thought great events were the results of brave and glorious acts. Great leaders made speeches, led armies, and were cheered by crowds. How was it possible he could ever do something important, something that would change the world forever?
Daymon, the librarian, was putting books back on the shelves. He was on the second floor of Carpenters' Hall, built between 1770 and 1773 by members of The Carpenters' Company, a trade guild operating in Philadelphia. The Hall was used for meetings by the Company and rented out for other gatherings. On the second floor, Daymon's employer, Dr. Benjamin Franklin, had arranged to begin a free library. Now Dr. Franklin, Daymon thought, was a great leader. He was someone who would be read about in books. Dr. Franklin was a great scientist, inventor, printer, and scholar. He had invented the lightning rod, the "Franklin" stove, and bifocal glasses. He was the first scientist to study the movement of the Gulf Stream. He favored daylight savings time in the summer. He improved the postal service and started the University of Pennsylvania and the first hospital in Philadelphia.
Also, Dr. Franklin had arranged with The Carpenters' Company to begin the first free library system in America. Books were very expensive. They could cost as much as a month's wages for the average worker so they just were not bought; but Dr. Franklin knew how important learning from books could be. In his free library all the books - the great works by all the great writers - were made available to all the people to borrow, read, and return. Dr. Franklin believed in what the English philosopher Francis Bacon had said-"Knowledge is Power!" He wanted the American people to be knowledgeable. Dr. Franklin knew the time was coming when this would be very important.
Daymon had one more book to return to the shelf when he happened to look out the north window of the library. There was Dr. Franklin, himself, walking up the alley to Carpenters' Hall.
There would be time to finish his restacking chores later.
Daymon had something important he wanted to tell Dr. Franklin, so he put the book back down on his table and rushed down stairs to await his employer at the front door.
The book that Daymon had not yet replaced was by the English poet, John Milton. It contained several works, including the epic poem, "Paradise Lost," about the triumph of good over evil. There were other works by Milton in the book, including one entitled, "On His Blindness." The book fell open to one well read passage that concluded-
"He also serves who only stands and waits."
The doors of wisdom are never shut.
–Poor Richard's Almanack, by Benjamin Franklin
When Daymon saw him from the library's north window, Benjamin Franklin was coming from his home, less than a block away from Carpenters' Hall, across Chestnut Street. Just up Chestnut Street was the State House. It could not be known to Franklin or anyone yet, that representatives of the colonies would meet in the State House and eventually declare the thirteen colonies of America free and independent of England. That would happen in less than seven months, in July of 1776.
At this time Benjamin Franklin was distressed, as he had been for some time. He had recently returned from England where he had met with many leaders of the British government in hopes of preventing war between the American colonies and England-the motherland. He had failed. He returned by ship to America, and throughout the long passage over the cold, rolling waves of the Atlantic he worried and pondered the fate of the American colonies. He knew peace with England was impossible. A great war was now inevitable.
The colonists no longer felt obligated to England. The problems they faced in the New World required special attention that the English government did not have the time or the desire to give America. Since there was a great deal of opportunity available in America, the colonists were ready to accept responsibility for their own government rather than see England benefit from their efforts and the risks they were taking.
In the cold December wind of 1775, Franklin hunched over and strode with his head bent away from the wind.
Carpenters' Hall is one of America's finest examples of the balance and symmetry that characterizes Georgian Architecture.
Momentarily he looked up as he was walking toward Carpenters' Hall. It was truly an impressive structure and one of his favorites. The balanced design characteristic of Georgian architecture was nicely done in this two story brick building topped by a center cupola. From the central structure the building projected in four directions, creating a balanced Greek cross plan to the building. The bricks had been set in the stylish Flemish bond with dark glazed headers, which were bricks set with an end rather than a side facing out. This produced a stronger construction, but it was also more expensive. Large windows were framed with classical surrounds and white shutters.
The building was not yet complete. A new set of front doors would be installed, and additional work on the windows would be done; but the Carpenters' Company had indeed constructed a masterpiece-a way to show their crafts and talents to others.
While Benjamin Franklin had been in England, The Carpenters' Company had made the Hall available to the delegates of the colonies meeting in Philadelphia as the First Continental Congress.
Now many of the delegates had returned home. Through the postal system that Franklin had established everyone would be kept informed of developments. In fact, it was just a few days earlier that Benjamin Franklin and four others had been named to a very important committee of the Continental Congress. This committee was named the Committee of Secret Correspondence. As the first Postmaster General of the Colonies, Benjamin Franklin's involvement in a committee for corresponding seemed obvious, but this was secret correspondence. Today, we would call this work espionage and Benjamin Franklin and the others, spies.
They hang spies.
Benjamin Franklin knew he could be in great danger if his intentions were ever discovered. This danger, however, was not what distressed Franklin. What distressed Benjamin Franklin and caused him to worry was that he had no idea where or how or to whom to turn for help. He knew the American colonies would need foreign allies, but how was he to find another country to help America win a war of independence from England? England was, after all, considered the most powerful nation on earth with a large army and a great navy.
Benjamin Franklin hoped perhaps the Netherlands would offer assistance They were great seafarers with exceptional trading interests throughout the world. Certainly America represented almost unlimited trade possibilities to the Netherlands. Still, Franklin was not sure they would or could help.
He was indeed distressed. Where would he find an ally for America? The task was formidable. He was not sure where to look. With heavy thoughts, he started up the stone steps of Carpenters' Hall and looked up to see Francis Daymon at the door, holding it open for him.
Three may keep a secret, if two of them are dead.
–Poor Richard's Almanack, by Benjamin Franklin
Francis Daymon had something very important to tell Dr. Franklin, and as soon as Francis began speaking with his employer, Benjamin Franklin was very interested to hear everything he had to say. Francis Daymon had been contacted by a most unusual traveler from France, named Achard de Bonvouloir.
Benjamin Franklin took a brief look around to be sure no one could overhear their conversation and then drew Francis Daymon closer to him after the door had been closed.
He spoke to Francis in a whisper, "Now tell me from the beginning all you know about this fellow."
Francis Daymon proceeded to tell Dr. Franklin about the mysterious traveler whose full name and title was Chevalier Julien Alexander Achard de Bonvouloir. He had been a French soldier several years before and may have been wounded in his leg. He walked with a limp and did have some trouble getting around even though he was not yet thirty. A few years earlier, Bonvouloir had sailed to America and toured the colonies. His knowledge of America had made him a valuable candidate to undertake the mission for which the King of France needed him.
Bonvouloir had been asked by an influential member of the French court to return to America. Since he had already been to America he would have some existing contacts he could trust, because this time rather than travel the colonies as a tourist, he was to return on a secret mission-as a spy.
The French were apparently very pleased that Bonvouloir had accepted the dangerous mission. He came from a distinguished family, and to find someone in France familiar with the British colonies was very rare. Still, the mission was so dangerous, that Bonvouloir was on his own. If he got into any trouble, the French government would not help. They would deny any knowledge of him, his trip, or his mission. He was not allowed to carry any written instructions to verify with anyone in the colonies that he represented the highest authority in France.
At the same time, the King wanted Bonvouloir to obtain as much secret intelligence about the colonies as possible. He was also to advise the leaders of the colonies if they were interested in overthrowing their existing English rule, that the French would be quite sympathetic to their cause.
Dr. Franklin had many questions. The first was why would anyone want to come to America from France on such a dangerous mission?
Publisher of Poor Richard's Almanack, Dr. Franklin was one of Americas' first weather forecasters, but for more than the weather, he was interested in knowing what way "the wind blows."
Francis Daymon could not answer this question for sure, but Bonvouloir had confided in Daymon that he was only being paid a couple hundred livres, barely enough to live on in Paris. Obviously, it was not for the money, but Bonvouloir was proud to be given an opportunity to do something for his country and perhaps gain the respect of the other distinguished members of his family.
Benjamin Franklin was not convinced. It was possible that this French fellow was part of a trap. He could be a double agent, actually working for the British, and he had been sent to America to catch Franklin and others in their conspiracy against English rule. It was possible Bonvouloir was actually working for King George. Benjamin Franklin had both great hopes and great concerns as he listened further to Francis Daymon.
Francis Daymon explained further what he had obviously learned from the French spy.
The voyage across the Atlantic had been terrible. Bonvouloir had never been happier to be back on land when he reached Philadelphia. He immediately made contact with Francis Daymon, whom Bonvouloir had met on his earlier travels. Francis Daymon had been born in France, himself, so Bonvouloir met with Daymon to plan the best way to proceed.
Julien de Bonvouloir could not have imagined how fortunate this initial choice would become. Francis Daymon had immediate access to one of the most important men in the colonies - Dr. Benjamin Franklin.
Benjamin Franklin's eyes twinkled and there was a slight smile on his face, which had only smiled occasionally during the past several days. France was a traditional enemy of England. It was also a very strong country with an army and a navy that could truly help the American cause. France would make a splendid ally!
Forgetting his fear that Bonvouloir might be a double agent, Franklin was most interested in the prospects this French traveler offered.
"We must meet with this man," Franklin told Francis Daymon.
Then Benjamin Franklin quickly added, "But we must be very careful. If we are caught, there could be great consequences for all of us."
Francis Daymon did not think about the word "consequences." It was just the way Dr. Franklin spoke, making things sound important. Francis Daymon was happy that so far the effort he was making to help Julien de Bonvouloir seemed to be working out so well.
Helping was fun.
It was not until a few days later that Francis Daymon realized he would do more than help. He was going to be closely involved in the meetings. Francis Daymon was becoming a spy for France and the colonies.
And the "consequences" which Dr. Franklin had mentioned could be death!
Tis easy to see, hard to foresee.
–Poor Richard's Almanack, by Benjamin Franklin
In the days that followed there was a great deal of preparation throughout the colonies. Most of the people in America were preparing to celebrate Christmas. A few were preparing for something else, something very frightening. They were preparing for a war with England.
Christmas in the colonies was not as commercial a time as we know it today, but still it was a special time of fellowship and good will.
Children in the colonies no doubt were quite excited. Presents were left by Kris Kringle in their stockings, which they traditionally hung on the fireplace mantle on Christmas Eve. These would be opened in the morning as well as other presents to mark the joyous occasion. Such presents were usually useful ones, such as food or clothing, and they were always appreciated, because in the years before the American Revolution people could not afford luxuries. Much of what they owned were the necessities of their lives. Then the colonists would gather for morning services in the several churches throughout the city.
After church, everyone would return home or to the homes of family and friends for a large, delicious Christmas feast, which would include several meats, vegetables, potatoes, breads, and desserts, including mince pies and plum pudding, fruits, nuts, and candies.
Benjamin Franklin was a wonderful host at Christmas time. As many as two or three dozen guests would join him for Christmas dinner. There were refreshments and songs for the season, some were even composed by Franklin and played on the glass harmonica. This was a musical instrument he had invented, made of drinking glasses and played by running a wet finger around the rim of each glass.
But Benjamin Franklin's mood was mixed. He was happy for the joy of the Christmas season, but he was quite worried about the events that would surely take place in the New Year and especially those that would happen even sooner-the dangerous meetings he had arranged for Carpenters' Hall.
He did not dare to talk about the danger to anyone. He would like to have shared his worries with his wife, but she had died the year before, and he missed her very much.
He knew if his wife were still alive she would make him promise to be careful, so he thought to himself, again, that he would be very careful.
Benjamin Franklin knew that the colonies did not have much hope of ever winning their independence, but if they were to have any chance at all, he would have to succeed in finding an ally. He would need Francis Daymon. He truly hated involving others. He was putting Francis Daymon in great danger, but Benjamin Franklin could think of no other way.
"Noel, Noel!" he had heard the carolers sing, and his heart beat faster as he anticipated his future actions.
For all the joy and good will this season should bring, there was no "peace on earth" in America this Christmas. Colonists in Massachusetts had already fought with English troops.
With all that was happening, Benjamin Franklin's thoughts were not on the Christmas porridge. He was thinking about all the danger that lay ahead-the tragedy and horrors of the war he knew could not be avoided. He thought of the lives of young Americans that would be lost-and then he also thought of Francis Daymon.
In the past few days Francis Daymon had become indispensable to the success of the American Revolution. In fact, the opportunity to secure an ally for the American cause was not only made possible by Daymon, but the entire preparation for and communication during the meeting would be made through Francis Daymon.
In a way it made sense. There was some safety if they were caught together late at night. Francis Daymon and the Frenchman were friends, both having lived in France. Franklin was merely at the library doing some late night research. If they were caught, it was possible if they all told the same story they could escape punishment.
It was also possible they would all hang for treason. Benjamin Franklin worried about how he had involved Francis Daymon deeply in this intrigue and espionage, but Franklin realized he had no choice.
Francis Daymon was needed for a far more important reason than just arranging the meeting. Julien de Bonvouloir did not speak English, and Benjamin Franklin did not speak French. If any communication was to take place between the two, it would have to be with an interpreter, and Francis Daymon was, indeed, the only one in all Philadelphia whom Franklin could trust with this responsibility.
Francis Daymon now knew how dangerous this mission was. He kept the embers in the fireplaces of Carpenters' Hall banked to provide as much heat as possible without giving out a flame to alert British soldiers or agents that someone was in the Hall past closing. The cold December night made Francis Daymon shiver-or maybe it was his own nervousness. He worried what would happen if, as interpreter, he used the wrong word in his translation. Someone might misunderstand, get angry, or leave because he had made a mistake.
Francis Daymon was also nervous because he knew how crucial Dr. Franklin now believed these meetings were.
"The entire hope for our future rests on our success," he had told Francis Daymon.
The success of the American Revolution for independence would be determined by what took place in these conversations. It was hard for Francis Daymon to understand, but Dr. Franklin had said so; and he knew Benjamin Franklin was a great man who could see how things would turn out in the future in ways Francis Daymon could not yet imagine.
Francis Daymon was now involved in international intrigue. That was the danger he was in-the "consequences" Dr. Franklin had spoken about. If he was caught, he could be tried, convicted, and executed as a spy. British agents were everywhere. Soldiers could come and arrest him at any time. They could be walking up to the front steps of Carpenters' Hall at any moment.
Francis Daymon was very nervous for several good reasons. He wanted to stoke the coals and warm the room with a fire, but he could not. Instead, he huddled closer to the embers and tried to warm himself while he waited.
He tried not to think about the danger. He did not want to imagine what the British soldiers would do to him.
Then he heard footsteps outside the door.
A slip of the foot you may soon recover, but a slip of the tongue you may never get over.
–Poor Richard's Almanack, by Benjamin Franklin
Francis Daymon waited as the footsteps stopped outside the front doors. If British soldiers had come to arrest him, there would be a very loud knock, maybe someone barking out for Daymon to give himself up, and then they might even smash in the doors. The double doors were very substantial, but they would not hold out the soldiers of the King if they were determined to break them in and arrest Daymon.
He was thinking so hard about this, he almost did not hear the soft, quiet knock at the door.
It was not the British!
Daymon hurried to unlock the door, because it must be either Bonvouloir, Dr. Franklin, or John Jay, coming for their first secret meeting. He did not want anyone waiting outside for fear someone sympathetic to the British might see him and figure something strange was happening at Carpenters' Hall.
Benjamin Franklin wanted John Jay included in these secret meetings. Jay was also a member of the Committee of Secret Correspondence, and he was much younger than Dr. Franklin, closer in age to Bonvouloir. Benjamin Franklin knew there were many advantages to having someone else negotiate with the French besides himself. His own years had given him experience and hopefully wisdom, but age had taken some stamina and youthful enthusiasm from him.
John Jay made an excellent partner in the secret negotiations. He had studied law and was a successful attorney. He was one of New York's representatives to the Continental Congress. One of the things that Benjamin Franklin admired most about John Jay was that he could make a quick decision and stick by it if it was right, even if it was not a popular choice.
The instructions for all three men had been the same. Each was to approach Carpenters' Hall from a different part of the city, and none of them would take a direct route. They would arrive and leave at different times. Even Benjamin Franklin, who only lived about a block away, did not come directly to Carpenters' Hall.
Everything was going well. As each one arrived, he was certain he had not been followed. It seemed safe to proceed with the first meeting. Daymon went upstairs with Dr. Franklin, who had been the last to arrive. Francis Daymon thought Dr. Franklin should be relieved that everything so far had gone as they had planned, but Daymon had gotten to know his employer very well, and something was still bothering him. As they were climbing the stairs, Benjamin Franklin stopped. Francis Daymon turned.
"There is still a reason we must be very careful of what we say in this first meeting," Benjamin Franklin spoke softly to Francis Daymon. He went on to explain in a whisper, "If this man is a double agent, secretly working for the British, what we say may be delivered directly to our enemies. And if this man is not a double agent, and is only working for France, but he turns out to be unwise or imprudent, then what we say may accidentally fall into the hands of our enemies."
More and more, Francis Daymon was realizing how incredible the odds were against a successful ending to this act of espionage and intrigue.
Dr. Franklin appreciated the economic use of space in the winding staircase, but at his age he was cautious of twists and turns in his life.
They finished climbing the stairs to the second floor, and for a moment, in the dark, Francis Daymon had a fearful vision. He imagined himself climbing the steps of a scaffold beneath a hangman's noose.
He stumbled on the last step.
Wish not so much to live long as to live well.
–Poor Richard's Almanack, by Benjamin Franklin
It was a cold night in the second floor library of Carpenters' Hall, but Francis Daymon was perspiring as though it were summer. He was very nervous, and at first everything went quite slowly. He carefully translated each word Dr. Franklin and Mr. Jay said to Bonvouloir, and in turn he translated what the French envoy said to the two Americans.
Soon, however, Francis Daymon was much more comfortable. He realized how easily he could perform what was needed, and the conversation between everyone flowed smoothly and quickly.
Still, this first gathering in the darkened library of Carpenters' Hall was a cautious one. Francis Daymon and Dr. Franklin both realized that Chevalier Julien Alexander Achard de Bonvouloir was not a double agent, for he was even more nervous than everyone else that he might be discovered and arrested. The terms of his commission from the King of France were quite definite. If he was captured by the English, the French government would deny ever knowing him or authorizing his mission.
In fact, everyone spoke so cautiously during this first meeting that as the hours moved by, it became quite obvious that the only real accomplishment of this gathering would be that the parties would achieve some degree of comfort with each other. It was resolved, therefore, to meet again to see if further progress and agreement could be made. For two more nights in December before the old year expired, Benjamin Franklin and John Jay met with Achard de Bonvouloir, and by necessity Francis Daymon was there, not only to open the door for the individuals involved in this international intrigue, but to also make the very communication possible. Daymon kept the talks moving forward by translating the conversations back and forth.
Eventually, Daymon stopped thinking of the danger he and all the others were in, and the task of achieving an alliance with the French government became the overriding concern.
He became very concerned about ever achieving this goal. Achard de Bonvouloir was more than cautious. He would not commit to anything, but merely advised his American counterparts in this dangerous intrigue that he would report the needs of the colonists back to his associates in France.
Dr. Franklin and Mr. Jay tried to press for more commitment, but they were never successful in obtaining more than a resolve on Bonvouloir's part to see what he could do for his new friends.
When Bonvouloir pressed to commit the American colonies to a new allegiance with France rather than a mere alliance, Dr. Franklin and John Jay were equally firm in making no agreements. In fact, Dr. Franklin made it quite clear that America would not trade one king for another.
The Flemish bond was more expensive because it took longer to build, but it produced a stronger wall. Benjamin Franklin, John Jay, and Achard de Bonvouloir all knew a strong bond would take time.
He had done this in a most amusing but unmistakable fashion. He had a chessboard set to play a game between himself and Achard de Bonvouloir before the final third meeting.
As Bonvouloir sat, prepared to make his first move, Dr. Franklin reached over and removed both kings from the board. The shocked French envoy looked at Francis Daymon for an explanation, but Francis was equally bewildered.
Dr. Franklin, with a twinkle in his eye, whispered to Francis Daymon to please explain to Julien Alexander Achard de Bonvouloir,
"In America we have no need of kings."
Daymon explained this and many things. John Jay and Benjamin Franklin pointed out that, although Americans would never consent to a new allegiance with France to replace their domination by England, the alliance between the French and Americans would bring about markets and resources that France had so far been unable to gain. It could make France an equal to England in trade and commerce in the New World.
This was a significant objective and worth considering for the French government. Also, for the French King there was, of course, the constant thorn of England itself. Here was the chance to weaken his enemy and seek revenge for past losses in wars that the French had fought with the English.
Through these three secret meetings, Francis Daymon carefully translated the words and expressions of all parties. By the end of the third and final meeting, he was not certain at all that any progress had been made. He helped each gentleman bid adieu to the others, and he opened a door downstairs so each could leave separately and stealthily to return to where they must and to a future that no one could know.
When he had let the last of the three conspirators out the door, he locked it again and turned to the darkness of the first floor. For a moment he imagined he could hear once more the lively debates that Patrick Henry and Sam Adams and all the others had brought to this meeting place during the First Continental Congress. He remembered the cautious hope and faith so many of the colonists had had during such meetings. Now he had seen both John Jay's and Benjamin Franklin's faces filled with concern and despair. There had been no commitment made by the French government. Perhaps America would be left on its own in its struggle against the most powerful nation on earth.
Had he, Francis Daymon, risked his life for nothing? Had these three dangerous meetings been worthless? Had all his efforts ended in failure?
Little strokes fell great oaks.
–Poor Richard's Almanack, by Benjamin Franklin
In the days that followed, Francis Daymon learned that his employer's serious expression was not due to a belief that the meetings with Bonvouloir were a failure.
"Quite the contrary," Franklin told him. "I believe we have made great progress."
Benjamin Franklin explained to Francis that just as it took plans to construct Carpenters' Hall, preparing for a successful revolution required plans. Careful planning would prove to be well worth their time, as the revolution unfolded in the upcoming months.
In essence, Franklin was creating what later might be termed a "blueprint" for a revolution. He looked at Carpenters' Hall, and he spoke again to Daymon,
"With a plan and careful attention to details, we might some day build something even more beautiful than this building. We might build a nation men have only dreamed of-a nation founded on freedom for all and built to last forever."
The reason why he had been so somber, Dr. Franklin explained, was that he foresaw ever more clearly the terrors and horrors of the war that would be fought with England. It was a time in which friends and neighbors would be torn apart. The future of the freedom movement in America depended on enough good men and women willing to sacrifice and pay the price for the generations to come.
For his part, Bonvouloir would write a very important report on the state of the American colonies. Through Achard de Bonvouloir, the French King and his ministers would learn that the revolutionary movement in the American colonies was genuine and backed by some of the most important and influential people in the New World. He also would report that the possibility of the colonists succeeding in their revolution was not certain, but that they did possess the desire and determination to ultimately secure their independence.
Francis Daymon could not know this in the days after the secret meetings, but it was the report that Bonvouloir would deliver to the King that would ultimately secure the invitation for Benjamin Franklin to travel to Paris after the Revolution began, and there Benjamin Franklin would secure the services of the French government in the cause of the American Revolution.
Had Francis Daymon never arranged the meetings between Achard de Bonvouloir and the two American conspirators, John Jay and Benjamin Franklin, and had he not been able to translate for the conspirators in the upper room of Carpenters' Hall, the journey of Benjamin Franklin to France would probably never have taken place.
It was while Benjamin Franklin was in Paris, that he was able to convince the French to join as allies in the American revolutionary cause. The alliance with France was crucial, and without that great nation's help, the American colonists could not have defeated the British forces. The French sent soldiers to America; and, most importantly, they sent the French fleet that enabled George Washington to trap the British General Cornwallis in Yorktown and force the surrender of the English army. This surrender ended the American Revolutionary War. The colonists were victorious, and shortly afterward the United States of America would be founded.
All these things Francis Daymon could not realize. He did not even recognize how important a part he had played in the history of America, but without him, there may indeed not have been a United States of America.
The name of Francis Daymon is not one highlighted in the history books, but had he not done his part, the efforts of others could never have succeeded. Francis Daymon was one of many men and women who have contributed to the great story that is known throughout the world as America! It is an unfinished story, and truly an imperfect one, but as long as men and women continue to do their part, as Francis Daymon did his when he had the opportunity, then the American story and the American cause of liberty and freedom for all will never end.
Copyright by Charles and Nancy Cook. Used by kind permission.